China has been the largest textile and apparel (T&A) exporter in the world since 1994. The Chinese T&A market (excluding fibres) shrank by 1.1% in 2009 to reach a value of USD 270 billion. In 2014, the Chinese textile and apparel market is forecasted to have a value of USD 473 billion.
Despite its strength in manufacturing, China imported USD 29.5 billion T&A products in 2010. Main import categories include cotton (36%), manmade filaments (13%), manmade staple (short) fibres (10.2%), wool, animal hair, horsehair yarn and fabric (9.8%). China dominates the global low to medium end market.
Capital: Beijing (Peking)
Largest City: Shanghai
Official Language: Standard Chinese
Regional Languages: Mongolian, Tibetan, Uyghur, Zhuang, and various others
Ethnic Groups: 91.51% Han; 55 recognized minorities
Government: Nominally Marxist Leninist single-party state
Independence: 1 October 1949
Area: Total 9,640,821 km2
Water (%): 2.8
Population: 1,339,724,852 (2010 census)
GDP (PPP): Total $11.299 trillion and per capita $8,382 (2011 estimate)
Literacy rate: 92 (M-96 & F-89) as on 2008
Currency: Renminbi (yuan) () (CNY)
China Technical Textiles
According to the Italian Trade Commission there are about 2,500 technical textiles companies in China.
The ratio of domestic to foreign companies is 4:1.
Companies are concentrated in five provinces which are Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian and Guangdong.
Technical textile industry is budding at a much faster rate relative to the whole textile industry tree, accounting to more than 20% of total industry.
Chemical fibres are the major raw materials for the technical textiles and, they contribute to 90% of the total raw materials currently used.
Total exports in 2010 were US$ 8.8 billion, an increase of 38% over 2009; total imports were US$ 2.8 billion in 2010, 23% increase from 2009.
Total exports in 1H 2011 were US$ 5.7 billion, an increase of 31% over 1H 2010; total imports were US$ 1.5 billion in 1H 2011, 11% increase from 1H 2010.
China mainly imports technical textiles from Japan, Taiwan, South Korea and the United States.
China Fibre processing
Source: China Nonwovens & Industrial Textiles Association
Comparison China Nonwovens Industry with other Asian Countries
Source - Asia Nonwoven Fabric Association
Chinas major growing Technical Textile Sector
1. Textiles for Medical and Healthcare Sector (The annual average growth rate is estimated to be 12% in the future, the output to reach 1,240,000t by 2015.)
2. Textiles for Filtration and Separation (The annual average growth rate is estimated to be 13% in the next five years, the output to reach 1,030,000t by 2015.)
3. Textiles for Civil Engineering (The annual average growth rate is estimated to be 12.5% in the next five years, the output to reach 730,000t by 2015.)
4. Textiles for Transport (The annual average growth rate is estimated to be 12% in the next five years, the output to reach 74,000t by 2015.)
5. Textiles for Protection (The annual average growth rate is estimated to be 9% in the next five years, the output to reach 350,000t by 2015.)
6. Textiles for Structural Modification (The annual average growth rate is estimated to be 11% in the next five years, the output to reach 1.03 million tons by 2015.)
Factors accountable for Growth
Replacement of traditional materials with advanced textile materials for higher performance.
Advancements in the manufacturing process for producing advanced fibers.
Industrial up gradation and reformation of the industrial model plays an important role
Constant market expansion and growth in the demand of technical textiles plays the major role in escalation of this industry.
1. Italian Trade Commission
2. China Nonwovens & Industrial Textiles Association
3. Asia Nonwoven Fabric Association
Techtextil India Symposium 2012 , Technical Textiles Markets, M. Jnecke