sportswear textile industry has not only seen in market diversification for
fibrous materials but has also contributed towards the elevation of textile
science and technology to a level of approaching that of high tech industrial
sectors. The performance requirements of many sports goods often demand widely
different properties from their constituent fibres and fabrics, such as barrier
to rain, snow, cold, heat and strength. At the same time these textiles must
fulfill the consumer requirements of drape, comfort, fit and ease of movement.
Among the contributing factors responsible for successful marketing of
functional sportswear has been made in the fibre and polymer sciences and
production techniques for obtaining sophisticated fibre, yarns and fabrics. The
finishing and laminating industries have done pioneering work in the area of
developing these technologies towards the needs of sportswear and sporting
goods sectors resulting in unique products. This paper reviews various works
done in development of waterproof, breathable and active sportswear textiles.
The moisture transport properties and various factors affecting it are also
discussed for sportswear fabrics using different fibres. The various blended fibres
and fabrics with different fabric structure and the functional finishes used
for the development of waterproof, breathable and active sportswear textiles
have been described along with their constitutional elements and special
Keywords: Waterproof, Breathable, Active Sportswear, Moisture Transport Properties, Fabric Structures, Functional Finishes.
Authors are associated with Angel College of Engineering & Technology, Tirupur.