Textile materials used in the medical and hygiene sector are a significant and increasingly important part of the technical textiles industry. The sector is entering a new, exciting era of controlled delivery of drugs, tissue engineering and various other fascinating areas. This article reviews the various recent developments in this area including the possibility of using silk as biomaterials. A enumerates the research findings of various researchers using silk as biomedical materials. Pros and cons of silk as biomaterials have been discussed in detail.
Medical textile is one of the most important and valuable area in technical textiles. Wide range of medical textile products health care and hygiene products, including sanitary napkins, surgical dressings, sutures, diapers and orthopedic implants are contributing well to the medi-tech market with wonderful growth in India.
Different kind of textile materials has used ill medical textiles such as fibers, mono and multifilament yarns, woven, knitted, nonwoven, braided and composite fabrics, because textile materials having marvelous properties what exactly biomedical materials required such as strength, flexibility and sometimes moisture and air permeability.
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This article was originally published in the Textile Review magazine, September, 2012, published by Saket Projects Limited, Ahmedabad.